Pope John Paul II
- Created: December 6, 1990
- Written by John Paul II
As delegates of the International Jewish Committee on Interreligious Consultations and members of the Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews, you have come together to commemorate the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Second Vatican Council's declaration Nostra Aetate. In effect, what you are celebrating is nothing other than the divine mercy which is guiding Christians and Jews to mutual awareness, respect, cooperation, and solidarity. Conscious of our sharing in the same hope and promises made to Abraham and to his descendants, I am indeed pleased to welcome you in this house! "Baruch ha-ba be-Shem Adonai! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!" [Ps. 119, Vg. 118:26].
The brief but significant document Nostra Aetate occupied an important place in the work of the Council. After a quarter of a century it has lost none of its vigor. The strength of the document and its abiding interest derive from the fact that it speaks to all peoples and about all peoples from a religious perspective, a perspective which is the deepest and most mysterious of the many dimensions of the human person, the image ofthe Creator [c£ Gen. 1:26].
The universal openness of Nostra Aetate, however, is anchored in and takes its orientation from a high sense of the absolute singularity of God's choice of a particular people, "His own" people, Israel according to the flesh, already called "God's Church" [Lumen Gentium, 9; c£ Neh. 13:1; Num. 20:4; Deut. 23:1ff]. Thus, the Church's reflection on her mission and on her very nature is intrinsically linked with her reflection on the stock of Abraham and on the nature of the Jewish people [cf. Nostra Aetate, 4]. The Church is fully aware that sacred Scriptures bears witness that the Jewish people, this community of faith and custodian of a tradition thousands ofyears old, is an intimate part of the "mystery" of revelation and of salvation. In our own times, many Catholic writers have spoken of that "mystery" which is the Jewish people: among them Geremia Bonomelli, Jacques Maritain, and Thomas Merton.
The Church therefore, particularly through her biblical scholars and theologians, but also through the work of other writers, artists, and catechists, continues to reflect upon and express more thoroughly her own thinking on the mystery of this people. I am happy that the Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews is intensely promoting study on this theme in a theological and exegetical context.
When we consider Jewish tradition we see how profoundly you venerate sacred Scripture, the Miqra, and in particular the Torah. You live in a special relationship with the Torah, the living teaching of the living God. You study it with love in the Talmud Torah, so as to put it into practice with joy. Its teaching on love, on justice, and on the Law is reiterated in the Prophets—Nevi'im—and in the Ketuvim. God, His holy Torah, the synagogal liturgy and family traditions, the land of holiness, are surely what characterize your people from the religious point of view. And these are things that constitute the foundation of our dialogue and of our cooperation.
At the center of the Holy Land, almost as its hallowed heart, lies Jerusalem. It is a city holy to three great religions, to Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Its very name evokes peace. I should like you to join in praying daily for peace, justice, and respect for the fundamental human and religious rights of the three peoples, the three communities of faith who inhabit that beloved land.
No dialogue between Christians and Jews can overlook the painful and terrible experience of the Shoah. During the meeting at Prague in September of this year, the Jewish-Catholic International Liaison Committee considered at length the religious and historical dimensions of the Shoah and of anti-Semitism, and came to conclusions that are of great importance for the continuation of our dialogue and cooperation. It is my hope that these may be widely recognized and that the recommendations then formulated will be implemented wherever human and religious rights are violated.
May God grant that the commemoration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of Nostra Aetate will bring fresh results of spiritual and moral renewal for us and for the world. May it bring above all the fruit of cooperation in promoting justice and peace. In the Babylonian Talmud we read: "The world stands upon the single column that is the just man" [Hagigah, 12b]. In the Gospel, Jesus Christ tells us that blessed are the peacemakers [cf. Matt. 5:9]. May justice and peace fill our hearts and guide our steps towards the fullness of redemption for all peoples and for the whole universe. May God hear our prayers!